Tunisia is bordered by Algeria, Libya and the Mediterranean Sea. In 2015, the population was estimated at 11 million. Its name is derived from its capital city, Tunis. Tunis is the capital of Tunisia. Tunisia was origin of the Arab Spring. Tunisian youth overthrew ruler Ben Ali, there is a dominant young population with a high level of education. Tunisia is now the only democracy in the Arab world.
Although Tunisia may be small in size, it has a vast cultural history. Tunisia was colonised by France, due to its prime geographical location for trade. The colonialism ended and a progressive ruler, Habib Bourguiba, advanced secular ideas across Tunisia. As predominantly Islamic country, the official language in Tunisia is Arabic, yet French and Berber are widely spoken.
Tunisia has had a long history of business and trade due to its advantageous location for shipping routes. Tunisia is a member of the world’s principal institutions and it has a formal agreement with the European Union, its prime trading partner. Further to this, Tunisia has a long economic history with Italy and France. Agriculture is Tunisia’s prime employment sector, whilst tourism is also an imperative labour source. A ‘success story’ in Africa, Tunisia has a diverse economy, yet it faces challenges since the 2011 revolution.
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